By Jerome S. Blackman
Defenses are psychological operations that fix or continue psychic equilibrium while humans believe that they can not deal with feelings that stem from clash; they eliminate elements of disagreeable feelings from wide awake understanding. for instance, utilizing intercourse, nutrition, or hostility to alleviate rigidity - that's a security - catalogued right here as access quantity sixty eight: Impulsivity. Screaming at anyone could be a protection. taking part in golfing could be a security. So can saving funds. Or not less than all of those actions could contain defenses. during this publication, Blackman catalogs a hundred and one defenses - the main ever compiled - with descriptions sensible to be used in daily evaluate and remedy of psychopathology. He explains tips to notice and interpret a safety and gives supportive treatment thoughts. the various functional counsel interspersed all through this article make it an outstanding reference software for college kids and skilled clinicians, whereas the basic beneficial properties let all readers to event how mental defenses function in lifestyle.
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Additional resources for 101 Defenses: How the Mind Shields Itself
Interestingly, deanimation of enemies also occurs during war. ” The vicissitudes of this defense—seeing the enemy as inhuman—were artfully depicted in the classic movie, “A Majority of One” (LeRoy, 1961), in which, soon after the end of World War II, a Jewish-American widow, who had lost a son in the war, is courted by and eventually falls for a Japanese man who also had lost relatives in the war. DEFENSES THAT ARISE IN PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT 27 11. Freud, 1936; Gorelik, 1931) You turn something into its opposite.
A 25-year-old married woman complained of being “tired and confused” just after criticizing her husband. I formulated that her “confusion” was a regression in integrative functioning. Therefore, I pointed out to her that “confusion” might feel more comfortable to her than anger. She agreed and then expressed more anger and criticism of him. Renik (1978) describes depersonalization and derealization as defenses where the sense of reality between self and the environment is transiently lost: regression in the ego function of relation to reality (Frosch, 1964).
The use of special words to magically convince yourself of the falsity of a reality. The following clinical vignette, I believe, illustrates how this defense was used by a prescreener employed by a state mental health clinic in a commitment situation. Usually, prescreeners are brought in for a second opinion regarding the necessity of involuntarily hospitalizing a psychiatric patient, 24 101 DEFENSES after a mental health practitioner has made an initial determination that the patient is dangerous to self or others.