Read e-book online Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics And The Design Of Work PDF

By Stephen Pheasant

This version has been revised to carry clean insights into the foundations and perform of anthropometrics, workspace layout, sitting and seating, palms and handles, ergonomics within the place of work, ergonomics in the house, and health and wellbeing and security at paintings.

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Read or Download Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics And The Design Of Work (2nd Edition) PDF

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Extra resources for Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics And The Design Of Work (2nd Edition)

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Corrections 10 mm for heavy outdoor clothing beneath the buttocks; variable amount for seat compression; 25 mm for a hat; 35 mm for a safety helmet. 9 Sitting eye height Definition Vertical distance from the sitting surface to the inner canthus (corner) of the eye. Applications See dimension 2. Corrections 10 mm for heavy outdoor clothing; up to 40 mm reduction for ‘sitting slump’; seat compression. e. the bony point of the shoulder). Applications Approximate centre of rotation of the upper limb.

Ridd, Health, Safety and Ergonomics, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1988, Figure. ) derived by founding off each individual subject’s response to the nearest 50 mm and plotting these directly. In this experiment, a clear optimum of 1150 mm emerged (at least for this group of subjects). At this height, more than 50% of users regard the lectern as ‘just right’ (within±25 mm), and over 95% consider it satisfactory. The design of the experiment could perhaps have been improved. It might, for example, have been better to start with a very high lectern and then come down in 50 mm steps, with each subject making a rating at each height, until a point was reached at which the lectern was definitely too low.

Roebuck and Levendahl (1961) studied the emergency exits of aircraft and found that speed levelled off at a door width of around 510 mm (unless steps were also involved, in which case greater widths were optimal). 4 (quoted from Damon et al. 1966 with slight modifications, introduced for conformity with figures given elsewhere). 5—which is quoted from Pheasant (1987)—which in turn was based on Tutt and Adler (1979) and Noble (1982). 2 Reach—the workspace envelope Consider what happens when you reach your arm forwards.

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