Read e-book online A Grammar of Tundra Nenets PDF

By Irina Nikolaeva

The e-book is the 1st enormous description of Tundra Nenets, a Uralic language spoken in Western Siberia and the north of ecu Russia. It presents a long-lasting piece of documentation of this hugely endangered language. For a language as little researched as Nenets, any point of grammar may well turn out to be of power importance for the sphere of linguistics and switch out to be theoretically hard.

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ACC). g. ACC). There may be other consonantal alternations in the formation of the accusative plural stem such as ŋ ~ y, k ~ cʹ, x ~ sʹ and w ~ bʹ. ACC). g. ACC). 2 General finite stem The general finite stem is the verbal stem which serves as the basis of inflection in the indicative present and past in the subjective conjugation and the objective conjugation with the singular and dual object. It is also present in the formation of the jussive mood. In the paradigm of the objective conjugation with the dual object the general finite stem is followed by the dual object marker -xəyu-, the resulting stem being referred to as the ‘dual object subsystem’ in Salminen (1997).

OBJ-3SG). g. g. ŋəm- ‘to eat’ > ŋəma (3SG). As mentioned above, the alteration verbs ending in o and ə show the change of the final vowel either to i or to u to form the general finite stem. g. sʹanako- ‘to play’ > sʹanaku (3SG), ləbcʹo- ‘to stick together’ > ləbcʹi (3SG). g. xonʹo- ‘to sleep’ > xoni (3SG). 3 Reflexive stem The reflexive stem (called ‘special finite stem’ in Salminen 1997) provides a basis for inflection in the reflexive conjugation. It is formed in the following way. g. 3SG). 3DU). The alteration verbs do not have a reflexive stem, the general finite stem is used in the reflexive conjugation.

G. a box, a suitcase)’ b. g. a room, a house)’ Unlike non-finite verbal forms described in Chapter 5, Section 4, deverbal nouns addressed here do not define a clausal domain. They do not realize tense distinctions and express a permanent property, therefore the only time adverbials with which they are compatible are ‘always’ and the like. They cannot be negated. Although in most instances deverbal nouns preserve the argument structure of the base verb as shown by some examples above, the subject argument of the verb from which they are derived does not function as the syntactic subject: instead, it has the properties of a possessor.

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