By Petr Starý (auth.)
An research of the actual issues in organic keep watch over programmes world wide shows an elevated curiosity within the usage of aphid parasites. along with the so-called conventional organic keep watch over of brought aphids, there appears to be like a state of affairs that can possibly be referred to as a renaissance of biocontrol, i. e. the usage of biotic brokers opposed to insecticide-resistant populations of aphid pests. The quick bring up within the quantity of data in addition to the need of syntheti cal papers are the well known positive aspects in cutting-edge entomology. This requirement is far extra topical within the teams the place short summarized details is required for learn staff in utilized branches. the writer has been good conscious of these kind of problems and necessities because of his personal event either in uncomplicated and utilized examine. a number of years in the past he made up our minds to summarize our wisdom at the aphid parasites of the area through elaborating synthetical reviews at the specific zoogeographical components. those papers were meant to symbolize annotated studies of the parasite fauna, distribution, biologies and usage in aphid pest administration, with keys to genera and species, hos- parasite catalogue, and an inventory of references extra. evidently, those reports are just quite up-to-date, with appreciate to a definite time limit from which the study should be additional persevered. at this time, the a long way East Asian and the Mediterranean components were reviewed during this or at the least in the same manner.
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Additional resources for Aphid Parasites (Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae) of the Central Asian Area
Hirsutum (St). Dtto, 9 VII 1959, G. hirsutum (Ataeva). TUR: Chadziabadsk. , Aschabad. , 21 VII 1957, G. hirsutum (Karimov). A. pisum Harr. - UZB: Jangi-Julsk. , Taskent. , 5 V 1966, 25 V 1966, 12 VI 1968, Medicago sativa (Da). Dtto, VI 1962, M. sativa, field (St). Kolchoz Achun-Babaeva, Taskent. , 5 VI 1976, M. sativa, field (St). Chumsan, Bostandyk. , Taskent. , 31 V 1976, M. sativa, undergrowth field, walnut mountain orchard (St). IRAN: Alireza Abad, 11 V 1976 (Gonzalez). Karadj, 11 VII 1976 (Oloumi-Sadeghi).
In our opinion (STARY, GONZALEZ, HALL 1979) its determined occurrence in Central Asia (Iran, Afghanistan) represents the northwestern limit, an extension of its distribution range which covers for the most part the Oriental region (submountains of the Himalayan range, the Punjab lowland). - Lysiphlebus testaceipes. In our opinion the record of this species from Mongolia is almost certain to be a matter of misidentification; the species is Nearctic in its natural range, denetrating also widely to South America.
Consequently, in the indigenous polyphagous species are not taken into consideration, there appears a group of host aphids which differ basically from the indigenous fauna. These cases can be exemplified as follows: Tilia - Eucal/ipterus tiliae, Quercus - Tuberculoides, Pinus - Eulachnus, etc. These aphids often are or start to be the pest species. Their 54 Map 4. Distribution of Aphidius eadyi (e) and Aphidius smithi (t)) in the Palearctic (STARY, 1979). GoNZALEZ, HALL conrol by insecticides is often difficult and introduction of parasites could be promising.