By Ulrich Mayr, Edward Awh, Steven W. Keele, Michael I. Posner
The cognitive neuroscience revolution rests on nook stones: easy experimental paradigms to seize severe elements of the brain and new easy methods to watch what the mind is doing whereas operating in those paradigms. Michael I. Posner has been a driver in the back of using componential and useful research to augment our wisdom of mind-brain relationships. His scholarship has been pivotal in starting up new theoretical and methodological trajectories within the box. furthermore, he has actively promoted the growth of the cognitive neuroscience software to surround psychology.
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Extra resources for Developing Individuality In The Human Brain: A Tribute To Michael I. Posner (Decade of Behavior)
This evidence of reduced functional connectivity suggests specifically that communication between regions of the type that appears to be required for an effective vision—language interface was not being established. Instead, poorer readers showed relatively greater activation in prefrontal cortex, especially inferior frontal gyrus in and around Broca's area as well as the right-hemisphere homologues of these areas. As Shaywitz and colleagues speculated, this increased activity in frontal speech-production-oriented regions may be in compensation for the poor connections from the visual system to posterior phonological regions—perhaps an attempt on the brain's part to substitute direct articulatory coding of printed words for the linguistically analytic aspects of phonological receding that are the speciality of posterior temporal and temporoparietal structures.
Word-specific knowledge varies in strength as a function of the frequency with which it has been processed in the past, and stronger representations are easier to activate and retrieve. Hence word frequency is a candidate manipulation for diagnosing the involvement of word-specific associative memory. An interaction between consistency and frequency would suggest that a region of tissue involved in phonological receding (as indicated by its sensitivity to consistency) relies on or interacts with word-specific associative memory in doing its job (as indicated by the fact that the consistency effect is modulated by the frequency of the particular word being receded).
Handbook of perception and human performance (pp. 29-1-29-92). New York: Wiley. Carr, T. H. (1992). Automaticity and cognitive anatomy: Is word recognition automatic? American Journal of Psychology (Special Issue on varieties of automaticity), 105, 201—237. BIOLOGICAL PREPARATION AND CULTURAL ENGINEERING 41 Carr, T. H. (1999). Trying to understand reading and dyslexia: Mental chronometry, individual differences, cognitive neuroscience, and the impact of instruction as converging sources of evidence.