By Larry Prochner
Exploring early formative years care and schooling in Canada, this article discusses key matters akin to: what programmes can be found to folks and what are their origins?; how have adults been ready to paintings in those programmes?; and what rules consultant the programmes?
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Exploring early youth care and schooling in Canada, this article discusses key matters reminiscent of: what programmes can be found to folks and what are their origins? ; how have adults been ready to paintings in those programmes? ; and what regulations consultant the programmes?
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Additional resources for Early Childhood Care and Education in Canada
Child Care at the Turn of the Century The Day Nursery and Industrial School in Montreal was the first institution in Canada to be established on the lines of the Progressive Era day nursery. The Montreal Day Nursery, as it was later named in its incorporation in 1899, opened in 1887. Originally affiliated with the Montreal Young Women’s Christian Association, it provided temporary care for children aged three weeks to ten years. Temporary care, however, did not necessarily mean daily care. A limited number of children boarded by the week while their mothers were ill or employed as live-in servants.
However, even in infant schools for poor children, it was not the primary role. The Edmonton School Trustees’ reference to the child care function of the kindergarten was a call to arms for kindergarten promoters. In the 1890s, day nurseries were established in a few cities in Canada as supports for wage-earning mothers. However, this was not the only reason. At least one was started as a solution to the problem of overcrowding in a school – a move that resembled the creation of an infant school in Newfoundland earlier in the century.
As the Montreal Infant School Society (1831) explained in its report, “though originally introduced for the poorer classes, the system of instruction is equally calculated to produce correct principles in the children of all classes” (6). Infant schools were well attended almost from their creation, and the A History of Early Education and Child Care Montreal school was followed by similar schools in Charlottetown, Halifax, Quebec City, and Toronto (Phillips 1957). The Quebec City school was opened in 1834 by the British and Canadian Infant School Society, and in its first year it accommodated 100 to 150 children each day.