By Paula Bartley
This identify introduces the major figures desirous about the women's suffrage circulation and is going directly to examine the arguments complex via those that supported and people who antagonistic votes for ladies (in particluar, the reaction of fellows to the campaigns). The narrative additionally highlights the speed and volume of suffragist and suffragette job, and assesses their
contribution to the 1st international warfare and the level to which girls received the vote because of their efforts throughout the conflict.
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But we have to remember that, at the time, these ideas were more representative of popular opinion than those of the female suffragists. It is also important to remember that the Antis were not all men: a number of eminent women (such as Mary Kingsley and Gertrude Bell) spoke out against votes for women. The Antis’ arguments were varied but generally centred on the perceived physical, emotional and intellectual differences between men and women. As Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, a strong supporter of women’s suffrage, remarked about the Antis: Men, it was said, were governed by reason, women by emotion.
Of course, not all suffragists were Liberal sympathisers. When the Liberal Party divided over Home Rule, many leading Liberals like Millicent Fawcett (see page 47) became Liberal Unionists. A few members of the Conservative Party formed their own organisation, led by Lady Betty Balfour, sister to Constance Lytton (see page 90) and sister-in-law of one-time prime minister Arthur Balfour (see page 103). Others, such as Eva Gore-Booth, Esther Roper and the Pankhursts (see pages 106–7), were attracted to the emerging Labour Party.
Becker, as with other suffragists, believed that being deprived of the vote was only one of a number of injustices faced by women. Summary diagram: The origins of women’s suffrage Importance of Lydia Becker: In 1867: • Second Reform Act • Manchester National Society for Women’s Suffrage founded • Founded first suffrage society • Directed policy • Founded journal • United movement 2 | Disunity in the Suffrage Movement National Society for Women’s Suffrage (NSWS) founded: 1868 Suffragists and the Contagious Diseases Acts 1871: division over policy Key question In 1871 a division occurred between London and the rest of the country in response to the campaigns by the Ladies’ National Association (LNA) against the Contagious Diseases Acts (CDAs) (see page 7): • On the one hand, members living outside London considered the LNA and the women’s suffrage movement to be part of the same struggle against female oppression.