By Bruce A. Glasrud
This article explores the lengthy heritage of African American applicants for President and vp, interpreting the impression of every candidate at the American public, in addition to the contribution all of them made towards advancing racial equality in the United States. advent: The African American quest for the presidency / Bruce A. Glasrud and Cary D. Wintz -- starting the trek : Douglass, Bruce, Black conventions, self sufficient political events / Bruce A. Glasrud -- The Communist social gathering of the U.S. and African American political applicants / David Cullen and Kyle G. Wilkison -- Charlotta A. Bass : win or lose, we win / Carolyn Wedin -- Shirley Chisholm : a catalyst for swap / Maxine D. Jones -- The Socialist staff social gathering and African american citizens / Dwonna Naomi Goldstone -- Civil rights activists and the succeed in for political energy / Jean Van Delinder -- Jesse Jackson : run, Jesse, run! / James M. Smallwood -- Lenora department Fulani : tough the principles of the sport / Omar H. Ali -- Race activists and fringe events with a message / Charles Orson cook dinner -- Black politicians : paving the way in which / Hanes Walton, Jr. ... [et at.] -- Colin Powell : the candidate who wasn't / Cary D. Wintz -- Barack Hussein Obama: an notion of desire, an agent for switch / Paul Finkelman
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Extra info for African Americans and the Presidency: The Road to the White House
In 1929, Ford made New York his base of operations, hoping in part to take advantage of the political interest expressed by some members of the Harlem Renaissance and because the city was both the point of arrival and departure for the West Indies and Africa. Among the first to appreciate the link between the liberation of American and colonized blacks throughout the world, Ford traveled to Africa a number of times between 1930 and 1931 to organize workers. During this time, he helped organize the First International Conference of Negro Workers, attending their first meeting in Hamburg, Germany in 1931.
R. Wright, called upon the “black masses” to create their own black political parties. In October of that same year prominent NAACP leader, W. E. B. Du Bois, urged forming a black independent political party. Du Bois argued that since the Republican Party was the party of wealth and big business and the Democratic Party dependent upon the Solid South, which was built on hate and fear of African Americans, blacks needed their own organization. Du Bois acknowledged that “the only effective method in the future is to organize in every congressional district as a Negro Party to endorse those candidates .
S. Grant and the regular Republicans. Although not so esteemed as Lincoln, Grant too garnered favorable support as a result of his role in freeing the slaves. During the nineteenth century free black Americans worked through the Negro Convention movement, the Republican Party, and third parties in order to improve their status and to secure voting and other political rights and privileges. The first national recognition of black voters and their support derived from the Liberty Party. That party, organized in 1839 with the help of at least two black abolitionists, encouraged African Americans to attend the national convention in 1840, likely the first national political convention that catered to the black electorate.