Download PDF by Eugene Borgida, Susan T. Fiske: Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom

By Eugene Borgida, Susan T. Fiske

Past logic addresses the numerous vital and debatable concerns that come up from using mental and social technological know-how within the court. each one bankruptcy identifies parts of clinical contract and war of words, and discusses how mental technology advances our figuring out of human habit past universal sense.Features unique chapters written through the various major specialists within the box of psychology and legislation together with Elizabeth Loftus, Saul Kassin, Faye Crosby, Alice Eagly, Gary Wells, Louise Fitzgerald, Craig Anderson, and Phoebe EllsworthThe 14 concerns addressed comprise eyewitness id, gender stereotypes, repressed thoughts, Affirmative motion and the loss of life penaltyCommentaries written via top social technology and legislation students speak about key criminal and medical topics that emerge from the technological know-how chapters and illustrate how mental technological know-how is or can be utilized within the courts

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Extra resources for Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom

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H. (2004). The intuitive psychologist behind the bench: Models of gender bias in social psychology and employment discrimination law. Journal of Social Issues, 60(4), 835–848. Krieger, L. , & Fiske, S. T. (2006). Behavioral realism in employment discrimination law: Implicit bias and disparate treatment. California Law Review, 94, 997–1062. Kumho Tire Ltd. v. S. 137 (1999). Lilienfeld, S. O. (2006). Why scientists shouldn’t be surprised by the popularity of intelligent design: Perspectives from psychology.

But that seemingly reasonable conclusion raises another question: What if the adoption of an identical shooting threshold for all suspects did not result in the lowest possible aggregate error? In other words, what if officers made more mistakes when they treated Black and White suspects identically? In the shooting behavior studies, where there is no association between race of a suspect and the likelihood that a suspect is armed, the use of the same certainty threshold would result in identical outcomes with Black and White suspects.

This widespread view of discrimination as conscious and intentional may cause judges and juries not to find discrimination where in fact they should. One might reasonably expect that conventional understanding to shape the inferences that one would be willing to draw from ambiguous evidence. If one believes that most discrimination is conscious and intentional, then in the absence of evidence of conscious ill will or intent to discriminate, one might be likely to conclude that no discrimination occurred.

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