By Darlene Clark Hine
In Black Victory, Darlene Clark Hine examines a pivotal step forward within the fight for black liberation throughout the balloting method. She info the stairs and avid gamers within the 1944 U.S. perfect court docket selection in Smith v. Allwright, a precursor to the 1965 balloting Rights Act. She discusses the function that NAACP legal professionals reminiscent of Thurgood Marshall performed in aiding black Texans regain the appropriate denied them by means of white Texans within the Democratic get together: the suitable to vote and to have that vote count number. Hine illuminates the mobilization of black Texans. She successfully demonstrates how every one a part of the African American community—from pros to laborers—was necessary to this fight and the victory opposed to disfranchisement.
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Additional info for Black Victory: The Rise and Fall of the White Primary in Texas
3 2. Merline Pitre, In Struggle against Jim Crow: Lulu B. White and the NAACP, 1900–1957 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1999). 3. Charles Payne,“Men Led but Women Organized: Movement Participation of Women In Retrospect: Darlene Clark Hine’s Black Victory 27 In her study How Long? How Long? Belinda Robnett focuses primarily on the leadership of African Americans in the Civil Rights movement, distinguishing the formal leaders of the movement, who were almost always men, from the grassroots or bridge leaders, who were primarily, although not always, women.
Hine, Black Victory, 235. Reﬂection on Darlene Clark Hine’s Black Victory 23 of the main assumptions of black voting-rights activists was that in obtaining the ballot and exercising it effectively, African Americans would join with sympathetic whites and reshape the landscape of the South and the nation in progressive ways. Protected by a deliberately shrunken electorate and bloated by the political seniority they received as a result, white southern Democratic politicians had pursued a conservative agenda in Washington that worked against blacks and the impoverished.
It had fallen behind other self-help and civil rights organizations in popularity, financial support, and members. 10 White was pleased with this career change because she had long aspired to be a “race woman,” to make a career of social activism, raising racial and political consciousness. Inspired by the interest of Houston’s young people in the NAACP, White soon began to envision her role as a youth director. It was not to be at all an ordinary task, but one where she would travel across the city and state garnering support for the organization and working with the leadership of the senior branch, the state branch, and the national office.