Lise E. Hull's Britain's Medieval Castles PDF

By Lise E. Hull

The frequent building of castles in Britain all started once Duke William of Normandy set foot at the shorelines of southern England in 1066. The castles that have been developed within the resulting centuries, and whose ruins nonetheless scatter the British nation-state at the present time, offer us with a permanent checklist of the desires and targets of the days. however the essence of the medieval castle—a constitution that's equivalent elements army, residential, and symbolic—reveals itself not just in the course of the grandeur of such architectural masterpieces because the Tower of London, and the implementing nature of such royal flats as Windsor, but additionally within the getting older masonry carvings, enduring battlements, and extra modest earthen ramparts that experience survived along them. via a feature-by-feature account of the architectural components and methods utilized in developing the medieval citadel, writer Lise Hull permits the a number of capabilities of those multifarious kinds to polish via, and in so doing, lends a brand new power to the thousand faces that the medieval global assumed to deter its enemies, encourage its acquaintances, and keep watch over its subjects.

This compelling research takes a different examine all the medieval castle's major roles: as an offensive presentation and shielding fortification, as a residential and administrative construction, and as a symbolic constitution demonstrating the prestige of its proprietor. every one bankruptcy makes a speciality of one particular function and makes use of concrete architectural beneficial properties to illustrate that element of the medieval fort in Britain. A wealth of illustrations can be supplied, as is a word list explaining the targeted elements of the citadel and their services. This ebook may be of curiosity to scholars learning structure, the center a while, or army background, in addition to basic readers drawn to castles or contemplating a visit to Britain to watch a few of these tremendous websites themselves.

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By 1592, after the plantation of Offaly, Leix, and Minister, only about 1,300 planters occupied Ireland. 22 Failing miserably to impose their way of life on the local populace, many planters chose to intermarry and instead adapted to the Irish lifestyle. The most vigorous effort to colonize Ireland began in the early seventeenth century, during the reign of King James VI of Scotland, who also ruled as King James I of England. Again, colonists from Scotland and England were enticed to Ireland with the promise of land in exchange for constructing castles and stone or brick homes equipped with "bawns," or fortified enclosures similar to baileys.

7 Unfortunately, the high expense and considerable effort involved in excavating motte and ringwork castles have prevented researchers from making reasonably accurate conclusions on this issue. Interestingly, the earliest ringwork castles appeared in Wales during the first decade of the twelfth century, about thirty years after the first mottes and stone castles were built, begging the question of the purpose they served for the Normans. Many were quickly reinforced with stone, as at Coity, Ogmore, and Newcastle Bridgend, also in Glamorgan, all of which were 5 6 BRITAIN'S MEDIEVAL CASTLES lordship centers, while still others were relatively modest sites, perhaps functioning as the defended residences of less wealthy individuals.

The seventeenth-century plantation of Ireland also involved the construction of twenty planned towns, including Belfast. Rather than being laid out on the straightforward rectilinear grid plan employed in medieval England and Wales, these plantation towns contained square- or diamondshaped centers, which housed their marketplaces, and widely spaced streets lined with tall houses radiated outward at regular intervals. " 26 Their ongoing presence in an area ensured the survival of the feudal lordship (at least in theory) and the monarchy (again, in theory).

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