By Edwin Jaggard
This special case-study deals a penetrating research of the altering political tradition in Cornwall as much as and after the advent of the 1832 electoral method. It spans a century within which the county's parliamentary over-representation and infamous political corruption used to be changed by means of a politicised voters for whom matters and rules have been often paramount. numerous versions of electoral behaviour are confirmed; specifically, the continual political activism of Cornwall's farmers sticks out. regardless of remnants of the unreformed electoral process lingering into the mid-Victorian period, Cornwall built a robust Liberal culture, equipped upon specified styles of non-conformity; the Conservatives, break up by means of dissension, observed their pre-reform ascendancy disappear.
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Additional info for Cornwall Politics in the Age of Reform, 1790-1885 (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series)
The editors of Albion, Parliamentary History, Journal of British Studies, Southern History, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall and Cornish Studies, have kindly given their permission to reproduce in modified form sections of articles published in their journals. The jacket design is based Page x upon a selection of election posters held at the Cornwall Record Office which are reproduced with their permission. Peter Mandler, the Royal Historical Society's advisory editor for this period, whose painstaking editorial comments and corrections have transformed the manuscript, continually offered encouragement when it was badly needed.
26 In their unique way the fishermen were small businessmen carrying a heavy capital investment, for the cost of boats, nets, casks and salt meant they were burdened with high overheads. Even a generous government bounty did little to ease their difficulties in those lean years when the fish failed to appear. To guard against this possibility many fishermen were also miners and/or husbandmen subsistence farmers grinding out a living on the edge of poverty. No wonder tithes were resented, leaving many villages far beyond the social control exerted by the Church of England, and producing a strong-mindedness (encouraged by Methodism) which had ramifications for electoral politics.
Deep underground the disused mines and a handful of productive ones a reminder of one of the county's staple industries quickly flood without constant pumping. Downwards from leaden skies, upward from the earth and to and fro with the daily tides, Cornwall is inundated with water. After travelling on foot through the county in 1851, Walter White wrote of the landscape: The generally soft features of Devonshire are exchanged for a landscape of stern and unfinished aspect. 2 This evocative description was not entirely accurate, for it overlooked the obvious regional variations.