Download PDF by Bruce E. Wexler (auth.), Shihui Han, Ernst Pöppel (eds.): Culture and Neural Frames of Cognition and Communication

By Bruce E. Wexler (auth.), Shihui Han, Ernst Pöppel (eds.)

Cultural neuroscience combines mind imaging concepts corresponding to practical magnetic resonance imaging and event-related mind potentials with tools of social and cultural psychology to enquire no matter if and the way cultures effect the neural mechanisms of conception, cognizance, emotion, social cognition, and different human cognitive techniques. The findings of cultural neuroscience stories increase our knowing of the relation among human mind functionality and sociocultural contexts and support to reframe the “big query” of nature as opposed to nurture. This booklet is prepared in order that chapters offer normal perspectives of the relation among organic evolution, cultural evolution and up to date cultural neuroscience reports, whereas different chapters concentrate on numerous features of human cognition which were proven to be strongly prompted via sociocultural components similar to self-concept illustration, language procedures, emotion, time notion, and decision-making. the most target of this paintings is to deal with how considering truly occurs and the way the underlying neural mechanisms are tormented by tradition and identity.

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2010) Cultural Neuroscience of Social Cognition 31 study found that activity within the mesolimbic system responds more to culturallycongruent dominant and submissive facial cues (Freeman et al. 2009). Individuals from egalitarian cultures, such as the USA, show greater mesolimbic response to dominant facial cues whereas individuals from hierarchical cultures, such as Japan, show greater mesolimbic response to submissive facial cues. Taken together, these studies highlight how cultural variation in attribution styles may modulate neural activity underlying processes related to interpersonal perception.

The serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) contains a polymorphic region, known as 5-HTTLPR, comprised of a short (S) allele and a long (L) allele version that result in differential 5-HTT expression and function (Lesch et al. 1996). Individuals carrying the S allele of the 5-HTTLPR produce significantly less 5-HTT mRNA and protein, resulting in higher concentrations of serotonin in the synaptic cleft relative to individuals carrying the L allele (Lesch et al. 1996). Evidence from behavioral genetics indicates that the S allele of the serotonin transporter gene (5HTTLPR) is associated with increased negative emotion, including heightened anxiety (Munafo` et al.

Trends Cogn Sci 12 (2):65–71 Pezawas L, Meyer-Lindenberg A, Drabant EM, Verchinski BA, Munoz KE, Kolachana BS, Egan MF, Mattay VS, Hariri AR, Weinberger DR (2005) 5-HTTLPR polymorphism impacts human cingulate-amygdala interactions: a genetic susceptibility for depression. Nat Neurosci 8 (6):828–834 Preston SD, de Waal FBM (2002) Empathy: its ultimate and proximate bases. Behav Brain Sci 25(1):1–71 Ray RD, Shelton AL, Hollon NG, Matsumoto D, Frankel CB, Gross JJ, Gabrieli JD (2010) Interdependent self-construal and neural representations of self and mother.

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