New PDF release: Democracy, Parliament and Electoral Systems (Commonwealth

By Mary Anne Griffith-Traversy

The members to this quantity study the significance of democracy as a procedure of goverment. Exploring a number of kinds of democractic executive during the global, they verify how democracy works in concept and in practice.Chapters conceal the way to increase democracy utilizing case reports from the Caribbean and Spain; the right way to make parliaments more suitable, concerns akin to know-how and the constitution of parliamentary our bodies; the comparative advantages of alternative electoral platforms; eventually, the individuals learn difficulties thrown up via quite a few fresh elections together with the yankee election in 2000, Sri Lanka, Poland and diverse African reviews.

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If political parties are to play a key role in virtually every legislative system, their method of funding will be extremely significant. It is important that the fundraising processes do not distort the political system to favour only those with access to money. Mechanisms need to be put in place to monitor and report on the situation. Knowing who has contributed significant amounts to specific political parties is an important safeguard in preventing corruption. In many countries, it is felt that in order to relieve political parties from their total dependence on the private sector for their existence, it is necessary to institute state funding.

Crossing the floor In many legislatures, members elected as representatives of one political party are free to ‘cross the floor’ and join another, whether their constituents agree or not. The thinking behind this is that their electors may pronounce upon the decision at the next election. What occurred in some cases however, was legislators being persuaded to leave their original party by offers of large sums of money, promises of appointments, or other such incentives. In India defections became so widespread that in 1985, the government found it necessary to pass the 52nd Amendment to the Constitution which was, in effect, an anti-defection law.

He now feels that by allowing members to decide more issues without the party whips imposing the decision on them ‘would restore the stature and the relevance of the individual member’. Resources One of the major requirements of elected members to enable them to adequately represent their constituents, to play a meaningful role in the legislature, and to be active and productive committee members, is adequate resources. They need access to both secretarial services and research support if they are to fulfil their many functions in an effective manner, and such resources must be independent of government for all members regardless of party.

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