Download e-book for iPad: The Culture of the English People: Iron Age to the by N. J. G. Pounds

By N. J. G. Pounds

This wide-ranging e-book lines the improvement of pop culture in England from the Iron Age, while it first grew to become obvious as an entire, to the eighteenth century. The booklet offers intensive with the fundamental foundations--shelter and housing, heat and safeguard, furniture and household comfort, foodstuff and its instruction, and ultra-familial and ultra-communal kinfolk. A separate bankruptcy is dedicated to the tradition of cities. The textual content is illustrated all through by means of items, artifacts and constructions, a lot of that are visible representations of previous cultures, significantly in sculpture and ornament.

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Sample text

7 A grain-storage pit: after S. Piggott in Roman and Native in Roman Britain. Such pits were largely confined to the chalk and other areas of well-drained soil. settlements in the region. These were probably built as a means of restraining or coralling animals and of so guiding them towards the fort. In all societies and at all times the storage and preservation of foodstuffs has presented difficulties. Grain in an agricultural society had to be kept from one harvest to the next, and it was doubtless desirable also to keep other commodities, such as milk, which are seasonal.

The surface of the marsh became, with the growth of vegetation, slightly elevated above the waterlevel, enough for birch and alder to become established. Low 'islands' were thus formed in the marsh, and from an early date had attracted settlers. We cannot know what drove people to this unpropitious environment, though it must have provided a refuge from the interminable warfare of Celtic society. Certainly, few aspects of the downland culture could have been practised here. Even settlement sites had to be created from the bog.

4 Iron Age field-systems. These lie on the chalk downland of Dorset, near Pimperne. answer is important, because only in this way can an estimate be formed of the size of the community which lived here. The inhabitants of Danebury practised agriculture. Their small, squarish fields lay over the slopes below the fort (Fig. 4), and were tilled with wooden ploughs drawn by cattle, of the kind commonly known as ards (Fig. 5). These did little more than scratch the surface, but the light downland soil lent itself to this form of cultivation.

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